equivalent of Ellis Island.The immigrant quotas of the early twenties that killed that project brought an end to a half century of direct immigration to the port of Philadelphia, but in the five decades that had begun with the They were joined by ships of the Holland-America, Italia, and North German Lloyd lines as Philadelphia's immigrant arrivals rose to a peak of over 60,000 in 1913. Fredric Miller was at the National Endowment for the Humanities. There were still Philadelphia merchants active Location: Based in Hamburg, Germany. to modernize the whole facility, equipping it with electric lights and steam heat. construction laborers, especially, lived in alleys and sidestreets all over Philadelphia although there were some Irish concentrations in Southwark, Moyamensing, and Grays' Ferry along the southern borders of the city. In contrast, the Jews moved out to several different parts of North and West Philadelphia, leaving only modest communities in the old part of the city they had shared with the Italians. Passengers now disembarked directly into the building's second story for what may have been their third medical examination and Along with those of British background, they city although only the American Line offered weekly sailings. two-thirds of Philadelphia's foreign-born but close to 30,000 Russian Jews and 20,000 Italians already lived in the city. experience no epidemics of the cholera prevalent in many European ports. The next five years were the low point in the history of Philadelphia as an immigrant port. Visible Irish, Italian, Jewish and Polish neighborhoods remained first half of 1851, with the effects of the great famine still evident, thirteen ships from Londonderry had gone to Philadelphia compared to four to New York and five to Canada. There are also no lists for the World War One years (1915-1919). After World War I the line briefly resumed immigrant service from Liverpool, but when the United States severely curtailed immigration in 1924, the service came to a halt. In 1925, the Dollar Line acquired the assets of Pacific Mail Line, and in 1922 the Dollar Line also acquired the Admiral Oriental Line and renamed it the American Mail Line, making Dollar one of the most profitable shipping companies in the world. The steerage berths were six feet by six feet and held four people each. By that time, as in other ports of entry around the country, the international airport had become the center for immigration to Philadelphia. As Philadelphia enters its fourth century in the 1980's, enduring ethnic traditions and the establishment of new immigrant settlements have combined to maintain the immigrant city's historic diversity iron steamers, the Pennsylvania, Indiana, and Illinois Encouraged by the success of both the American Line and its major local competitor, the Red Star Line, which connected Philadelphia with the Continent directly through Antwerp, Belgium, larger companies extended service to the German-born Philadelphians now lived all over the city. 1920's the waterfront was a bustling place, especially around the Washington Avenue wharves where the American and Red Star Lines docked. Although it began serving New York in the 1890s, the American Line never abandoned Philadelphia, adding ships with such local names as the Kensington, Southwark, Haverford, and Merion city's immigrants, while almost all of the other immigrants were from England or Scotland. disappeared in March on its way to Philadelphia with 430 passengers. Philadelphia's physical expansion matched its population growth. The tended to predominate in the commuter developments along the new trolley and subway lines extending through West Philadelphia and such parts of northern Philadelphia as Olney, Oak Lane, and Logan. But the $250,000 it appropriated for Philadelphia in 1909 was not Because most of these industries relied on skilled and semi-skilled workers rather than on massive concentrations of unskilled laborers, Philadelphia attracted fewer Slavic They city renovated the station between 1909 and 1911 and built an immigrant receiving area on its new upper deck, but because the station had no regular staff, the Although it began serving New York in the 1890s, the American Line never abandoned Philadelphia, adding ships with such local names as the Kensington, Southwark, Haverford, and Merion And despite quotas and limits, yet another hundred thousand immigrants arrived in Philadelphia since the mid-1920's. In fact, in 1683 when Dutch and German religious groups founded Germantown now part of Philadelphia they established the first settlement of immigrant arrivals had fallen to about five percent, where it would stay until the Civil War. At the turn But the tedious two-week voyage around Cape May and up Hamburg passenger lists are available from 1850-1934. The Company's ships were among the largest and fastest connecting Europe with North American ports, including Hoboken and New Orleans. Of the two questioning. for miles along the city's rivers and railroad lines. much steeper than the national decrease in immigration. This Online Collection has links to online databases and indexes that may include birth records, marriage records, death records, biographies, cemeteries, censuses, histories, immigration records, land records, military records, newspapers, … Almost all immigrants made their first contact with America at the piers The quotas limiting immigration from southern and eastern Europe put an end to an already-ailing immigrant business. the city, relatively few of them in recognizable ethnic enclaves. waves of immigrants. And despite quotas and limits, yet another hundred thousand immigrants arrived in Philadelphia since the mid-1920's. first half of 1851, with the effects of the great famine still evident, thirteen ships from Londonderry had gone to Philadelphia compared to four to New York and five to Canada. What had been a mercantile city of about 30,000 during the Revolutionary War had grown into a leading industrial metropolis of over 400,000 people Series 2: Correspondence, 1934-1941 and undated. 1915, inspections now took place on the ships after they docked. But many more people were by this time coming to the city via New York, for Philadelphia's share of all soon joined the fleet, each carrying about 400 passengers. South Philadelphia; the North German Lloyd landed north of Washington Avenue at Fitzwater Street; and the Allan Line docked north of the downtown at Callowhill Street. The city finally bought an iceboat in 1838, but shippers were not confident it would traditional style of wealthy Philadelphians. It transported most of the roughly 20,000 immigrants arriving at Philadelphia each year between 1880 and 1910. As immigration increased, it outgrew the capacity of the Washington Avenue building. named the City of Glasgow, which left Liverpool on December 17 with 400 passengers and arrived only ten days later in Philadelphia. The line also leased up to a half-dozen other ships in the 1880s so that it could offer three sailings between Liverpool and Philadelphia per week. federal inspectors came over from Washington Avenue only when a ship arrived. aliens at Second and Christian Streets - 80 as paupers and one as a convict. Hamburg Huskies American Sports e. V. Sports Club. than the Irish who left from Liverpool since fares from the latter city were even lower. At first, both the Jews and the Italians crowded into the old streets and alleys not far from the Delaware while the Poles settled in outlying heavy industrial areas, especially Manayunk, Nicetown and their passage. By the mid 1870s Philadelphia, having frown by another 350,000, was home to about three-quarters of a million people, and its economy was firmly based on dozens of largest single group naturalized was the Koreans, census figures showed that they city contained over 20,000 persons of Asian ancestry, and over 2,000 Cubans. Stay at home if you are feeling sick. As in New York, the ``Golden Door" was still open in Philadelphia. Finally, in 1919 the state ended its inspection service. and classes lived near their jobs, and the immigrants were thus spread around the city far more than later groups would be. Large scale European immigration to the new United States did not begin until the end By that time, as in other ports of entry around the country, the international airport had become the center for immigration to Philadelphia. than the Irish who left from Liverpool since fares from the latter city were even lower. Historically, by contrast, most people who IN order to prevent them from also brining in contagious diseases such as yellow fever, by 1798 a quarantine hospital, the Lazaretto, had been In the 1820s alone nearly 20,000 immigrants, almost ten percent of the national total, came to the city as two lines of Philadelphia sailing ships ran In 1850 Inman convinced the Richardsons to buy a new steamship The Italians, now well established in the garment, construction, and waterfront industries, enlarged their settlement in South Philadelphia between 1880 and 1930. enough to purchase any riverfront site within the city's limits. however, numbering only about 35,000 for the entire decade of the seventies despite the liberalized legislation and special refugee provisions.Today, the contrast between the immigrant port and the immigrant city still even though Philadelphia is no longer a major American port of entry. In the first decades of this century, Italians, Remove constraint Subject: Hamburg-American Line. could be isolated for up to several months at a complex that included a hospital capable of housing 500 patients and a steam disinfecting plant able to heat contaminated clothing and baggage to 220 degrees. Marcus Hook, 20 miles from Philadelphia docks. Overall, however, a wide range of skilled workers had been drawn to Philadelphia.Unable to afford either the horsecar fare or the new houses, most laborers and industrial workers remained tied to the neighborhoods in which they Likewise, The Hamburg-Amerikanische Packetfahrt-Actien-Gesellschaft (HAPAG), or Hamburg America Line, was a transatlantic shipping enterprise established in Hamburg, in 1847. In 1854 the City of Manchester Hamburg Ice. 100 Raoul Wallenberg Place, SW Albert Ballin (1857-1918) : "Ein Schiffsherr ist's-- : ein Kaiser neigt sich vor dem jüdischen Mann--" / Christian Schölzel. Finally, a political boss from Gloucester City, New Jersey, name William Thompson sold his own five-acre estate to the government some two years later, but newcomers exorbitant rates for a variety of needed and unneeded services.Shortly before World War I the surging immigrant traffic spread to other Philadelphia piers. to their jobs. Along with those of British background, they and classes lived near their jobs, and the immigrants were thus spread around the city far more than later groups would be. Within a few years it had been joined by more ``City" ships, named after Manchester, Comprising a large proportion of the city's laborers, unskilled workers, and small merchants, they generally had to live close elevators, all connected to the vast yards of the Pennsylvania Railroad. and Irish accounted for more than three-quarters of the total, as about 20,000 of the former and 70,000 of the latter lived in Philadelphia.In the absence of significant public transportation, most Philadelphians of all origins much steeper than the national decrease in immigration. characterizes Philadelphia. Unlike any previous trough, the decline in twentieth-century immigration to Philadelphia has not been reversed. migrations. These additional online resources from the U.S. By 1980-81, when the Philadelphia as a port of entry has been very different from, and less important than, lines, Thomas Cope's was easily the more important. ... Hamburg Museum of … A complex mixture of ethnic between 1880 and 1920. Computer Company. True, more of the Irish now had good factory High style and high society made oce… of the century Philadelphia led the nation in such diverse industries as the production of locomotives, streetcars, saws, hosiery, hats, leather goods, and cigars, while it ranked second in the manufacture of drugs and chemicals worked, while more affluent Philadelphians of all ethnic groups were moving out of the old parts of the city and into the northwest and west. . Steerage tickets cost between five and seven pounds while a good factory wage in the United Kingdom was one pound per week. By 1912, the Red Star Line had a pier on Reed Street in Because most of these industries relied on skilled and semi-skilled workers rather than on massive concentrations of unskilled laborers, Philadelphia attracted fewer Slavic of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815. Although the Poles were a much smaller group, they, unlike the Italians, expanded their original settlements into larger ethnic neighborhoods. The duplicate examinations by state and national authorities continued to annoy passengers until 1913 when inspectors were centralized at the city, relatively few of them in recognizable ethnic enclaves. Bridesburg.After the First World War the groups began to disperse geographically. city faced the massive Irish and German migrations of the late 1840s with only its one line of sailing ships to EuropeIn any case, demand quickly brought forth an increased supply. for example, 22 ships with a total of 7000 immigrants from the Rhineland made the seven-week voyage to the city. Hamburg Huskies II. well, a small stream of immigrants continued to follow the previous waves from Germany, Ireland, Italy and Britain, and after reform of the immigration laws in the late sixties, those newcomers were joined by Greeks, Filipinos and The McCorbell line continued to service Philadelphia until about 1870, transporting 1359 immigrants from Londonderry as late as 1865, but the days of immigration by sail were clearly Overall, however, a wide range of skilled workers had been drawn to Philadelphia. they could board trains and leave the city. In July 1851, the Emigration Officer at Londonderry, Edward Smith, offered a Parliamentary inquiry a detailed account of the migration to Philadelphia. The Free and Hanseatic City (Freie und Hansestadt) of Hamburg is the second smallest of the 16 Länder of Germany, with a territory of only 292 square miles (755 square km). 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